PROGRAMME OF ACTIVITIES OF BIRDAMLIK PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF UBZEKISTAN
FOR DEMOCRACY, FREE AND PROSPEROUS UZBEKISTAN BASED ON HUMAN RIGHTS!
We, the children of our motherland Uzbekistan, with concern on the fate of the native land, the future, the interests of any person belonging to Uzbek citizenship and living in this land, thinking of the present and future of every citizen, to reveal the true independence of our holy land, n order to bring comfortable lifestyle to its talented, hardworking, and patient people of the country, to bring the feeling of freedom and free life, and to implement the democratic principles of governance, we have founded “Birdamlik” People’s Democratic Party (Birdamlik PDP in short).
Usurping the constitution and laws of Uzbekistan, former President Islam Karimov ruled the country for 27 years,. As a result, Uzbekistan, as a state found itself in deep decline both economically and politically. Now the country is on a swamp of problems.
Once Karimov established his dictatorship in the country, he began a fierce campaign of fighting against democratic and secular opposition. Through his despot-driven ruling, he threatened the people of Uzbekistan with lies that allegedly the country was under constant threat of “a shadow” of extremism and terrorism. Karimov, strictly keeping to the methods he had chosen, saw those who insisted on observing the Constitution and the laws, hose who objected to him and state politics in good faith, as his personal enemies, imprisoned them, tortured them, or deported them from the country.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the new president, who came to power after the death of former dictator, unlike his teacher, initiated a number of positive things in Uzbekistan,. However, the new leader is still unable to abandon the way chosen by former President Islam Karimov, a dictator who had founded an unfair, corrupt state system in Uzbekistan that has brought the country to economic backwardness. The concept of free democratic principles remains only on paper in the country, and in practice, the old administrative and command regime is still practiced. Again, instead of being based on free market regulations, the process of transition to free market economy is carried out through administrative and command methods. This is one of the biggest political and economic mistakes of current President Shavkat Mirziyoev.
Unlike the old dictator Karimov and his followers, we will established the rule of justice and rule of law in all sectors of economy of our native land. Freedom of press, freedom of speech and religion in the country will be given wide opportunities; the purpose will be guaranteed protection of rights of all people, including full guarantees and observance according to the Constitution and existing legislation, as well as establishment of a democratic state and society in Uzbekistan, also taking into account and respecting our values and traditions, and one of our main objectives is to switch to completely free market economy in the country.
In implementation of such a determinative goal, we have chosen the path of nonviolent method and for the past decades, we have been working to widely realise out method.
We, the founders, activists and members of the Birdamlik People’s Democratic Party, would like to propose to those honest, wilful children of out motherland, who are not indifferent to the future of the country, and who are trying to have free and prosperous life but are not able to achieve it, whose rights are humiliated, to join us in the political struggle in the way to free and prosperous life! We propose getting rid of fear, indifference and believing in lies, and would like to invite you to join Birdamlik, and accompany us on the way to freedom.
We believe that the existing autocratic system in Uzbekistan can be changed through nonviolent struggle. Future prosperity and wellbeing of the Uzbek people depends on you and our activity!
Political reforms are important in Uzbekistan, because it would not be logical to initiate reforms in any other area without addressing political reforms. We are really committed to implementing political reforms in Uzbekistan and always steadfastly strive to achieve our dreams.
– Along with establishment of political and economic relations with international community, multi-vector political relations will be established;
– Full compliance with commitments and all signed documents before the world community will be ensured;
– Visa restrictions will be lifted to allow citizens of many countries around the world to visit Uzbekistan for up to 90 days;
– the practice of mandatorily obtained exit visa permit sticker, stamped in passports of citizens of Uzbekistan to visit all countries of the world and undermines free movement of citizens, will be completely put to an end;
– A new political approach to the establishment of peace in Afghanistan will be developed and implemented;
– According to geographical location Uzbekistan is a landlocked country. Access to the world markets through the seaports is a very important issue for the country.
Therefore, we have a high priority objective of having negotiations with neighbour countries Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan for opening a water canal from the Caspian Sea to Uzbekistan and the plans to enter the world market through the Caspian Sea.
In internal policy:
Transition to Parliamentary government;
Establishing the supremacy of the Constitution, the rule of law and justice in Uzbekistan;
Move to electoral appointment of all district, city and oblast governors;
Run radical reforms in the Ministry of Internal Affairs;
– change the name of militia to Police and adopt the Law on Police;
– Criminal cases of those citizens who were convicted with religious and political crimes will be reconsidered and dropped, they be released and fully rehabilitated and receive fair compensation.
Reforms in legislation:
Uzbekistan is a democratic, sovereign, secular state and it is governed by its Supreme Law – the Constitution. Unfortunately, legislation in our country has serious backwardness problems. The constitutional court has limited jurisdiction, and this court is not doing any noticeable work in legislation. It is always in the background – it has its name, but it seems to carrying out activities as if it does not to exist that no one sees.
Citizens of the country cannot write or appeal directly to the Constitutional Court. Such rights to apply are granted to certain organizations only! This proves violation of the rights of Uzbek citizens. Such illegal, unjust actions must be discontinued. The rest of the law enforcement agencies, the Ministry of Justice, the Prosecutor’s Office, the judicial system, and the law enforcement agencies are also in poor state. Bribery, corruption in the country is quite widespread.
As opposed to the running government, we, the Birdamlik People’s Democratic Party will give wide authorities to the Constitutional Court. We will restore the right of every Uzbek citizen to apply individually to the Constitutional Court. We will introduce the composition of the court to 9 judges. Thus, a collegial judiciary will be established to consist of only one Chairperson of the Constitutional Court and eight judges.
The constitutional judges will be nominated by the President to parliamentary hearing for a lifetime service. From the day of nomination, a month’s period shall be given for approval. A special group of trustees will be set up for this period. During the month, citizens, who have been subjected to allegations of torture and ill-treatment by unlawful acts of the court chairperson and other judges shall file their applications. Also, if the chairperson of the Constitutional Court and judges have facts about corruption or bribery, and these facts are proven, this candidate will automatically be removed. Then the president will be able to nominate another candidate. If such a case is repeated again in the discussion of the nominated candidacy, the President shall be denied the right to nominate a candidate and the right to nominate shall automatically shift to the parliament. This candidate shall also be subjected to nationwide discussion for a month, and only the persons with no proven history of criminal offences or violation of law may be nominated as a candidate for Constitutional Court chairperson and judge.
The judge’s salary will always be higher. The rate of payment to the chairman of the court is determined based on the amount of 100000th part gross domestic product (GDP) of the country. And, the average monthly salary of constitutional judges shall be set at 150000th part of GDP per month. Hence, at current $31 billion GDP, the Constitutional Court chairperson’s salary would be $31,000 per annum, and the annual salary of each constitutional judges is around $ 21,000. The annual salaries of judges will also increase due to the growth of GDP in our country. In addition, all judges shall be protected by the state, and the state shall ensure funding of creation and maintenance of material and technical basis.
Necessary changes and amendments to the country’s Constitution will be introduced in view of people’s needs;
Dual citizenship will be legally allowed in the country.
The parliament of the country shall have an additional right of impeachment of the president.
The main objective of the Constitutional Court is to control the functioning of the country in accordance with the Constitution of Uzbekistan in political, legal, economic, social, and other sectors.
Legal evaluation shall be given to Parliamentary and presidential elections in the country.
Legal evaluation will be given to the activities of political parties under control of government and opposition parties, and should their activities be classified as contradicting to the Constitution of the Country, they shall be banned in this country.
Should the parliament declare impeachment against the president of the country, such impeachment shall become to force upon resolution of the Constitutional court of the country.
Should the President act in violation of the Constitution of the country and operate with no respect to it, the Parliament shall issue a resolution to impeach the President.
If the population, political movements, parties, organizations, and independent individuals collect 100,000 signatures on a specific referendum, the Constitutional Court shall consider this claim and allow for a national referendum if there is sufficient number of signatures and the issue is not contradictory to the Constitution of the country.
Any citizen may address the Constitutional Court reporting actions in breach of the country’s Constitution of any authority or official person and if the evidences of the applicant are proven and action against the Constitution is determined, the Constitutional court shall issue permission to initiate investigations in relation to such authority or official person and a criminal may may be initiated against such person and called for criminal responsibility..
The main principles of the Constitutional Court:
— supremacy of law;
It shall be established that the Constitutional Court will present annual reports to the citizens.
State Security Services (SSS) shall be taken out of President’s control.
During our government, control of SSS shall be withdrawn from personal authority of President and given to the Parliament. Full compliance of SSS activities to the legislation shall be ensured. The SSS personnel who are responsible for unjust imprisonment, torture or killing of citizens shall be called for criminal responsibility before the nation and law.
Legal basis shall be prepared for return and possibility of coming to power of Uzbeks, who have to live abroad.
The legal basis shall be established for return to their homeland of opposition representatives who had to leave Uzbekistan because of dictator, former president I. Karimov’s repressive policies. The fraudulent criminal proceedings against them shall be dropped. Conditions shall be created for active participation of such people in social and political life of Uzbekistan.
Rights of labor migrants shall be under state protection.
The total number of Uzbek citizens (labor migrants) who have left home looking for a job abroad is estimated to be around 5-6 million people (only 3.2 million in Russia), and millions are employed by the Uzbek people. Like former leader, Karimov, the current Uzbek government, does not seem to be legally, medically or otherwise protecting millions of our compatriots working abroad. However, for the past few years, annual remittances of Uzbek citizens abroad equalled to $ 4-6 billion, while this represents 20 per cent of country’s GDP.
When we come to power, all Uzbeks in the world shall be taken under protection of the state. Consulates of Uzbekistan will be opened in big cities in the near and far foreign countries and favorable conditions will be created for easy and fast resolution of all legal problems of Uzbek citizens. Renewal of passports and revocation of missing documents will be carried out at these consulates.
Military service shall be professional and contractual.
Military service shall be changed to full contract service. There will be professional troops in the army. The army shall be reorganized in “National Guard” type in accordance with the experience of today’s world and shall be contractually based.
The purpose of such political reforms is to salvage Uzbekistan from political, economic, social, scientific, technological and spiritual depression. By implementing these reforms, rapid development of the country will be achieved.
Former dictator President Islam Karimov, who had studied economics in Soviet planned economics, managed the country’s economy using Soviet style planning. His ignorance and lack of economic knowledge had cost great value for our country and our people. On the eve of the collapse of the Soviet government, the Baltic states began to buy large quantities of metal products from the Soviet Union in order to get rid of soviet currency. And our government, instead of quickly getting rid of the Soviet currency, delayed introducing the national currency of Uzbekistan. The national currency was initially introduced as Soum coupons. This made the people’s economic situation even worse. The population began to face poverty.
Karimov’s government managed to introduce the national currency – Soum only in 1994. At the beginning, $1 was set at 6 Soums, and today, $1 is over 8,000 (eight thousand) soums.
Tax rates and customs fees rates are high. Supply of electricity, gas, water, roads, sewage, and raw materials supplies to production remain a major problem in the country. The level of corruption is high in all sectors.
Almost 70% of the population is unemployed, and to feed families most of them work in other countries in difficult situations. Almost all the companies that existed in the Soviet era were broken. In the country, cotton and wheat are cropped on a mandatory plan basis. The people’s economic way of life is bad.
The Uzbeks, who had average way of life in the Soviet era, are now poor and paupers. The country has not yet fully moved to market economy.
Development of competition, development of small and medium-sized business must be supported by the state, and as small and medium-scale businesses will grow in line with growth of competition. This, in turn, leads to elimination of corruption and monopoly. Guaranteeing and stable work of private property will ensure growth of permanent income. One of the most important tasks of the economic policy will be to create conditions for protection of private property and development of entrepreneurship.
It is generally known that taxation policy plays a major role in any country’s economy. However, the taxation system of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the amount of taxes levied on entrepreneurs and other entities are substantial and unreasonable. That is, the taxes are not based on the level of earnings and salaries. So, it will be logical to revise the tax system by taking into account citizens’ income, salaries and social grounding, and the complete reorganization of the tax system and reducing the number of their types.
By choosing and supporting our program, oriented to progress of our motherland, we intend to build a state, which will be based on private property instead of Karimov-type dictatorship, based on violence, bribery, and injustice. Because only the private property owners can be independent, can have strong families, who can determine their own way of life themselves. This is quite evident in the examples of Germany, France, England, Italy, Spain, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, South Korea, Turkey and many other countries.
The history of our national currency Soum dates back to the times of Uzbek khan’s ruling (Khan’s ruling period 1312-1341). In the period of Uzbekkhan, silver ingots of a navicular shape weighing 204.8 g were called soms. The word gold (som, clean, pure) is found in Mahmoud Qashqari’s “Devoni lug’otit-turk” (1068). By 1938 the currency of the Soviet state was introduced. This currency was called sum (som) in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan initially introduced Soum Coupon on November 15, 1993, and on July 1, 1994 the national currency “So’m” was introduced into circulation. The neighboring Kyrgyzstan introduced their Som currency on May 10, 1993, Kazakhstan introduced their national currency Tenge on November 15, 1993, while Tajikistan – from May 10, 1995 to October 29, 2000, used Tajik ruble, and national currency “Somoni” was introduced from October 30, 2000, Turkmenistan introduced its national currency Manat – from November 1, 1993.
We will take a look at the history of money circulation in Uzbekistan since 1990: On January 1, 1990, Islam Karimov was the head of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan and Secretary-General of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan. At that time, the value of one Soviet Ruble was $0.56. After the collapse of the Soviet Union on January 1, 1992, the Russian Rubles replaced the Soviet Rubles. The value of Russian Rubles against the US dollar remained at the same level of $ 0.56.
By December 1992, one dollar was worth 125 rubles, and in November 1993 this figure amounted to 1247 Rubles. This is evidence of a 2227 (!) Loss of money as of January 1, 1990. The governments of Baltic state Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia introduced their national currencies in summer of 1992. For example, on June 20, 1992 Estonia introduced its own currency “Estonian Krona”. At that time, one Estonian krona equalled to 10 Rubles, which was about $1. So, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Baltic states received a great deal of economic efficiency owing to their timely introduction of their national currencies. During the transition period, the Baltic countries were did not notice much depreciation of their national currencies and their people did not get hurt.
The people of Uzbekistan suffered serious damage through introduction of Uzbek national currency “Soum Coupon”. Until November 15, 1993, 2227 (!) times depreciation of the Soviet Union and later Russian Rubles, led to the depreciation of Uzbek Soum-coupons. Our new soum-coupon, which was introduced into circulation as equal to the Russian Ruble, was seriously depreciated in a short time. In the initial years of independence, the Russian Ruble and Soum coupons were used equally, but months later our Soum-coupons continued depreciation at higher rates. On July 1, 1994, 10 soum coupons were paid for one Russian Ruble. At this time, the dollar rate was 2100 Rubles. This means that from November 15, 1993 to July 1, 1994, our Soum coupons got devaluated 477 (!) time more, or since 1990 – 2227 + 477 = 2704 (!) times.
As at July 1, 1994, new national currency in new look and value “Soums” was introduced. The Soum coupons were exchanged at 1:1000 ration. On July 1, 1994, the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan determined the following currency rates for Soums:
1 US dollar = 7.09 Soums; 1 Russian Rubles = 3.53 Soums.
Now, on October 16, 2018, the Uzbek Sum currency rates are as follows:
1 US dollar = 8208.04 Soums; 1 Russian Roulble = 123.85 Soums. So, for the past 24 years, Uzbek Soums were devaluated by almost 1157 (!) times against US dollars, i.e., 115769 (!) per cent. In total, since November 15, 1993, – for the past 25 years, the money that the Uzbek people have been using has been devaluated by 477+1157=1634 (!) times, while from January 1, 1990 to October 8, 2018 by 2227+477+1157=3861 (!) times or 386100% (!).
In simple language this means that on January 1, 1990, 10 thousand Rubles could be sufficient to buy a Lada car, and 28 years later, it would be worth to buy only 3 match boxes. In comparison, in 2011 Estonia, where they managed to build a free-civil society and became a democratic state and moved to market economy owing to timely political reforms, fully moved to Euro currency at EUR 1 = EUR 15.65 EEK exchange rate,. For 28 years, the people of Estonia did not suffer any devaluation of money.
For comparison, we will take a look at the experience of our neighbour Kyrgyzstan: when Kyrgyzstan introduced the national currency Som on May 10, 1993, 1 Kyrgyz Som was worth 4 US dollars. Although not so much developed economically than Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan managed to become a democratic state and lives in a market economy conditions. So as at September 14, 2018 1 US dollar exchange rate was 68.96 KGS. For the past 25 years, Kyrgyz currency got devaluated only by 17.24 (!) times. If we compare ourselves with the currency of this neighbour of ours, we can see that for the past 25 years, our currency got depreciated 1634/17.24=94.77 (!) times.
Our main objective is to protect the Uzbek people from becoming victims of political-economy, which is managed poorly. There is strong need for political and economic reforms in the country. The most important step in economic reforms is the proper implementation of monetary policy. By introducing the Turon currency, we will dramatically increase the value of the Uzbek national currency worldwide, which will play an important role in development of the economy of our country. The position of Turan currency will be greatly enhanced by strengthening economic integration with neighbors.
The right of ownership of land will be given to the people for a lifetime.
The lands shall be fully privatized and distributed to citizens equally. Ownership rights to land shall be given for life, and the proprietor will have full rights to use it.
Growing cotton, wheat and cocoons at government orders, will be completely stopped.
State interference in economy shall be minimized.
Taxes and customs rates shall be simplified as well as reduced as much as possible.
Economic ties with the outside world shall be increased. Favorable conditions shall be created for investors and, especially for foreign investors, including multi- citizenship hsall be ensured. Investors shall be exempted from any restrictions.
Special attention will be paid to new transport communications in the country, which meet modern requirements.
Electricity systems shall be upgraded to the extend to ensure generation, transmission and delivery system to the consumers.
Critical measures shall be undertaken to ensure full satisfaction of population’s needs for clean drinking water and gas.
The political beliefs left by Soviet-era that the state will create jobs will be completely abandoned. This policy of the past will be overcome by the state creating favorable conditions and opportunities for entrepreneurs, businessmen, investors, who create new jobs.
As a result of these reforms, misery and poverty will be completely eliminated in the country. The stage owned companies shall be fully privatized. Everyone, every family, will become proprietors and own property, wealth, money, and land, thus increasing the number of private property owners in the country.
This should not lead to a conclusion that everybody will immediately become prosperous and rich. But the foundation of a state, which is based on private property will be established to give grounds for every normal worker, peasant, farmer, servant to have their place of work, money, house, and car.
As a result of our reforms, unlike today, when Uzbekistani people are simply labor migrants deprived of any legal rights, and social security, they will rather be well-educated, strong, qualified people with University diplomas, who are very good in their profession and who will have social and legal protection by the state, who will be able to find highly paid jobs outside of Uzbekistan through invitations to work from foreign countries.
Investors, proprietors, and companies shall be guaranteed immunity, which means that they will not be subjected to any special inspections. This is caused by the fact that in the past few years, not only corruption got aggravated in country, but also a considerable number of businessmen went broke as a result of systematic ungrounded checks by high-ranking organizations, including the former SSS, prosecution, tax authorities and other organizations. Each proprietor, investor, owner of any partnership, will be able to operate in good faith based on legislation, regardless of the fact whether their capabilities are limited, medium or large.
A system of private property owners is a democratic society based on private ownership. The notion of ownership is a broader form of liberal market-based economy.
The problem of drinking and irrigation water in Uzbekistan is a very painful issue. Most of the population has no quality drinking water supplies. Large amounts of water are wasted in agriculture, particularly in cotton-growing lands. Water from the rivers, ditches, and canals is used wastefully. The attitude to water must be changed and water problems must be fully addressed properly.
We will assign solution of all water related issues to the Ministry of Water Affairs. The ministry will focus primarily on drinking water, irrigation canals, rivers, canals, which are intended for irrigation of agricultural crops, water resources, water reservoir dams, the Aral Sea problem, collection of waste ground water, saline, salty and sewage, waste waters and their processing, as well as our relationships with neighboring countries on water policy issues, and future construction of waterways in Uzbekistan.
A Research Institute of Water Resources shall be established at the Water Ministry and scientists and qualified specialists shall be invited to this institution. This institute shall provide guidance, scientific reports, information, proposals and solutions to the Ministry of Water Affairs regarding any water related issues, problems and their solutions. The Water Ministry shall implement the solutions given by the Water Scientific Research Institute and carry out water-related reforms. Quality drinking water supply to the population of Uzbekistan shall be ensured.
The population shall receive water by using water measuring equipment and make timely payments for water used as per these water meters. Drinking water prices will be set on unified tariff for Uzbekistan and will be at the same price.
The demand for drinking and irrigation water will be sharply increased as a result of privatization of all lands in Uzbekistan, including melons and gourds and crops. The timely supply of water to population, peasants and farmers for irrigation needs of the cultivated areas is very costly for the national economy. Taking into account such factors, costs of all types of water supply to the population shall be carried by consumers. All types of irrigation and irrigation water shall be delivered in good quality to the consumers by the Ministry of Water Affairs through water pipes, canals and other water transport. The purpose of water management reforms will be to eliminate the indifference of consumers to water loss, excessive waste of water, loss of water, evaporation of water from open surface water sites, or seepage into the ground. In free market conditions, irrigation water for irrigation purposes will be sold at a fixed price determined by the state in order to cover substantial economic costs on water issues. The proceeds from sales of water will be paid to the account of the Ministry of Water Affairs, and the ministry will spend these earnings to purchase water supply equipment, electricity, plant and equipment, labor, fuel, spare parts and other costs.
The prices of water used for irrigation shall be determined by taking into account the costs, spent per district. According to such estimation, different prices can be set for each district or a universal price shall be fixed for the entire country.
At their private property – land, the peasant-farmers can carry out any types of agricultural work, sell their products freely inside or outside Uzbekistan. Under such circumstances, consumers will do their best to save water. This is because farmers and farmers will start including water costs in the expenditure sheets. In addition, technologies for drip irrigation, root irrigation will be widely implemented at the state level. This will lead not only to change of attitude to water for the better, but also greatly increase the amount of water reaching the Aral Sea.
When we come to power, we shall work hard to restore the Aral Sea, which is getting dry now. In order to improve the ecology of the Aral Sea region, and to connect the region with international waterways, we will proceed to implement a number of measures at the Aral Sea. In particular, we will undertake a number of measures to build canals that can drive ships across the Caspian Sea.
In his Facebook page, Minister of Public Education Sherzod Shermatov said that the schools had a shortage of 11,000 teachers. The first reason for this is the low rate salaries of teachers and lack of social protection.
Any material loss can be recovered, but recovery of moral/cultural loss would be difficult. Unfortunately, dictator Karimov turned the educated, intelligent, cultured and high-moral Uzbek people into spiritual poverty.
The devastating crisis in today’s education system has left us behind the progress for many decades. At the moment, the education system in the country is entirely out of control. Most graduates of schools and colleges are illiterate.
Todate innovations in the field of education over the past few years have not justified the purpose. Particularly in recent years, serious time-wasting and losses occurred in the system of higher education. As a result of introduction of bachelors and masters degrees in the higher education system, the number of highly-educated staff in the country has dropped dramatically. This is a clear indication of the fact that students who have graduated from a bachelor’s degree course (that is, an undergraduate) cannot be classified as wit University education and cannot get a job with a bachelor’s degree diploma due to the fact that very few students are admitted to master’s degree courses (i.e., higher education). Taking into account such shortcomings, we will radically reform the system of higher education. Taking into account the educational potential of gifted students and college students, we will establish privileges to enter their higher education institution.
We shall carry out the following activities in the field of education:
Approximately half of the state budget shall be allocated to the system of education;
Children from the age of 1 year to school age will be educated in kindergartens. In these kindergartens, education and health services shall be funded entirely by the government.
Children without medical insurance will be insured by the State till the age of 18;
Collection of money from parents for repairs of schools and other types of collections shall be stopped;
Schooling will be in three stages. Elementary education – 3 years, secondary education – 5 years, high school – 4 years. The total duration of study at schools will be 12 years.
For school-age children, new scientifically justified education curricular will be developed and children will be taught at new or existing schools, repaired to modern requirements. Classes will last from 8:30 to 15:00. Three times hot food, free transport shall be arranged at schools and 2 hours rest time will be envisaged for elementary school children. Schools will be 100% free, and school uniforms will be provided by the state.
Moreover, due to serious pay raise of the employees of the education system, there will be a great opportunity for them to enter the class of private property owners. Schoolchildren, higher education student and teachers and staff of educational institutions shall be fully exempt from agricultural and other work.
Classes will be organised for 5 days a week.
Pre-school education groups, 1 elementary and secondary general education institutions will be enrolled in a five-day training schedule.
In today’s globalized world, school children need to have a thorough knowledge due to competitiveness in every field. It is important that they master two or more foreign languages at school, obtain good knowledge of economics, finance, and business. We need to explain to schoolchildren that enhancing their economic knowledge, and that money should be viewed as a necessary means to live than something to worship. To do this, we will partially reject the 5-point assessment in modern schools.
An individual debit card with a deposit worth of $100 will be issued for each child entering the school. All the moneys, collected by the child until he/she finishes school will be accumulated in this debit card. After finishing school, the child can spend this money only after school education. Each school student will be assessed based on his / her level of knowledge and can collect from $500 to $1000 based on points throughout a year. The five-point assessment will still be practised to evaluate children’s knowledge, but by the end of each month, the sum of the points collected by the students will be converted to a certain amount of money, which will be placed on the children’s personal account. By the end of each quarter, children’s behavior and knowledge will be further assessed and some special bonus will added to their accounts.
Funds given to children will be taken from the budget allocated to the education sector. Some 2-4 hours per day of paid professional practice work services will be arranged in production and other industries and the earnings will be credited to their bank accounts. Children will be given the opportunity to learn and work with each job and profession in limited amounts.
It is important to note that children who have been introduced to different fields of work, will be able to identify their future areas from school days. At the same time, by contributing 5% of their earnings, together with their teachers, the undergraduate schoolchildren may setup a fund and engage in sales of securities at local and international stock markets under control of their teachers. They will have the right to buy and sell shares at mark-up. The goal will be to ensure that irrespective of the profession they choose n the future, every school pupil will study economics and business and at least two foreign languages. When we achieve such results at most of the schools, we will be able to say that we have completely remodelled the system of education.
In schools, adequate conditions will be created for in-depth study of the world languages, especially English. Many students will be sent to USA and other developed countries. It is natural that many higher education institutions will be dreaming of the moneys, school graduates will accumulate in their school years, because after full privatisation of higher education institutions, teachers will not be not willing to demand bribes, but rather want school-leavers, educated and gifted students to go to their higher education institutions. The higher the profits of higher education institutions, the better the economic position of these teachers will be. Steady increase in rating of higher education institutions will indicate large amounts of money being received.
Of course, these youngsters will gradually increase the reputation of higher education institutions, raising their interest in the higher education institution, the rating of this university, and thus the cost of paying for it, which will lead to serious increase in salaries of the professors and teachers.
Entrance exams and test exams will be completely eliminated. Students finishing their schools will be allowed to enter universities prior to leaving schools. For this purpose, the last year pupils will be able to benefit from the money-assessment they will have earned at school. If the pupil does not have access to local higher education institutions he/she wishes, his/her money in the account, knowledge of languages, and strong knowledge are more likely to allow them go to more prominent universities around the world and easily enter the education route they have chosen.
Our reforms in the field of education educate young people of our country to become knowledgeable, talented and spiritual people. In addition, teaching economics at schools will help more children to join future private property owners.
They will be a great help to our homeland after they have a good education in the future. In addition, they will help the employees of the education system become private property owners and live better lives.
Nostrification (recognition of foreign education institutions diplomas in Uzbekistan) will be fully arranged.
Schools needing repairs will be repaired and new school buildings will be built in the regions where new schools are needed. Free transportation will be made available for students to go to/from their schools. Students will be provided with free uniforms, hot meals, medical care, school supplies. The salaries of teachers will be paid according to their labor. All higher education institutions in the country will be fully privatized. Approximately half of the state budget will be allocated to the system of education.
IN MEDICAL SYSTEM
Medical industry is the most concerning and painful issue of our people. We can recall that in late 1980s there was a free and high-quality medical system in Uzbekistan. Today, the dictator, after 27 years o ruling by former President I. Karimov, the medical industry has collapsed. Highly qualified doctors completely abandoned the country or went for looking for jobs in other countries. The sector did not receive sufficient attention from the government. Privatization was not fully implemented, partly privatized institutions were not allowed to operate normally. Medical workers qualification is low and high rate bribery is spread all over in the system.
Factors such as lack of electricity and gas, poor state of buildings, lack of medical equipment, lack of medicines, and leaving the health care sector due to low salaries in today’s medical institutions are evidences of misery. Therefore, this sector needs a complete reform!
Medical sector will be fully privatized.
We are for the full privatization of the medical system. Support for this sector, privatization processes will be governed by law. It will be under constant attention of the state. Improvement of health of the population by prophylaxis and disease prevention measures in the country, as well as development of new qualified personnel in the country, shall be carried out by the Ministry of Healthcare and the regional and district medical departments.
Social welfare service in each district of the Republic of Uzbekistan will be established. This patronage service will be responsible for providing medical care to people with disabilities and elderly people in each district. This service will be financed by the Ministry of Social Protection, while the Ministry of Healthcare and oblast and district healthcare departments will be responsible for manning with qualified specialists.
As the Commission of Disability Detection and Assessment (CDCA) is a highly corrupt system, the responsibilities of diagnosis and identification of disability will be transferred to the private clinics.
State owned medical institutions, their buildings, higher and secondary educational institutions, hospitals, maternity hospitals and medical units will be fully privatized. During the process of privatization, each medical institution will be duly repaired to meet modern requirements and fully equipped with modern medical equipment.
After that, the new owner of the institution will be selected by the population of districts at public tenders amount medical employees, chief physicians, assistant doctors, nurses or other medical personnel, who work in individual district in the medical field.
At these institutions, selection of the new private owner shall be carried out from among minimum 5 alternative candidates. The tender processes will be fully covered in the republican and local press for impartial and free tender process. Such modern medical institutions will be given to the new owner, selected by the people in the form of a loan for a period of ten years. This medical institution will be fully subordinate to the Ministry of Healthcare.
The government will hand over the privatized property to the new Owner together with an economist-manager assigned by the Ministry of Healthcare. The Manager provided by the state financial institution will control the institution until the full recovery of the loan and fully control over the financial side of the privately owned medical facility, and will continue to provide assistance to the new Owner for 10 years. Medical institutions will provide 100% paid services to the population. Full medical insurance will be set up in the country. People without insurance and poor people will be provided with free health insurance from the Ministry of Social Protection to be established by the state.
Successful medical reforms will create basis for qualified specialists working abroad to return to our homeland. Bribery will be put an end after privatization of higher medical education institutions. Highly qualified doctors will be trained at the universities. Our people will have access to quality medical services. The government will guarantee medical services and social protection for women, children, elderly people, disabled, and unemployed people.
To kill a nation, it is enough to kill its history, language, culture and spirituality. Unfortunately, in the era of Islam Karimov, the cultural sphere was severely damaged. We believe that the full government control, reduction of financing the sector, or closing of some parts of the sector are irreparable.
From ancient times, Uzbekistan has been a place of people who had built centers of world science, culture and development, and uncovered the secrets of society, nature, medicine and the universe, and made a great contribution to development of the world, creating books, works, poems that show that power is in justice and humanness. Even during the totalitarian Soviet era, our people worked hard in the fields of industry, agriculture, machinery, science, health and culture and raised Uzbekistan among the leading republics.
We will review all the systems in culture and arts that were abolished or under-financed by the present-day regime and allocate state budget funds to them.
Our reforms in the field of culture will help us to raise spiritually, intellectually mature, courageous, brave and honest generation in our country in the process of leaning our history. The services provided by the employees of this sector of the industry to the service of the people will be invaluable.
Our social security and social supplies are the worst in the world. Mothers with young children and pensioners in the country receive very little pension and financial support. This indicates that the social protection of this layer is at s very low level. We are no at the same level as the world’s most underdeveloped nation today.
The dictator, ex-President I. Karimov’s illegal ruling against the Constitution and laws of the country is the main reason for devastating unemployment, lack of financial support for the unemployed, low and expensive health care, social vulnerability of children, and miserable state of our nation in general.
Knowing the difficult economic situation in our country, very poor state attention to the social sphere, as well as widespread corruption in the social sphere worsened the situation in this sector. It’s time to completely eliminate the injustices of social workers to mothers, disabled people, juveniles, retired pensioners social workers.
We will set up the Ministry of Social Protection, which will include inter alia the country’s pension fund, women’s committees, and chairmen of makhallas, as well as organizations dealing with material disbursements to disadvantaged families, and Bureau of Vital Statistics (BVS).
Activists and specialists working in the Pension Fund, the Women’s Committee, the Mahalla Fund and makhalla committees will be interviewed again and retrained, and will be recruited to the newly created Ministry of Social Protection.
The monthly salary of the employees of the Ministry of Social Insurance will be equal to the salaries of the NSS staff in the country.
Special uniforms will be set up for this ministry staff.
Functions of the Ministry:
Shall take the people who need social protection in the country under its protection. Will be always aware of the life conditions of mothers with young children, minors, the elderly, disabled people, and those who are incapacitated. Shall allocate allowances to young children, and pay them.
Shall determine the amount of pensions for retired people, and make monthly payments.
Shall organize medical examinations for persons with disabilities, determine the amount of disability allowances and strictly supervise the disbursement of disability payments to persons with disabilities. They will check their situation and create favorable living conditions.
Shall study family, economic status of unemployed, and allocate unemployment allowances for every three months and pay to them.
They shall be aware of economic, social status of the people living in rural areas, makhallas, and in participation of the chairmen of makhallas, visit those, who are going to arrange weddings or other family measures and give advice and recommendations to them on their wedding or other measures, depending on their economic status. If the householder fails to listen to advice and recommendations from the Ministry of Social Protection, arbitrarily goes into debt, or if his/her economic situation deteriorates, the Ministry of Social Protection will deprive the family of any kind of support from the Ministry of Social Protection for 3 years.
Shall participate at the wedding of the newly married couples, and give them marriage certificates.
Social security agents can protect their guardians, defendants, submit plaintiffs and defend the claimants.
When the consumer basket is generated by the country, the Ministry of Social Protection shall carefully monitor the fact that the entire population of the country has economic profits that are not less than monthly consumer basket. If a person cannot earn enough money every month to afford the consumer basket, he can apply to the local departments of the Ministry of Social Protection for material, legal and social protection and get necessary support.
The main purpose of this ministry will be to ensure that all funds allocated for social security of the state budget are delivered to the targeted people, without theft, and eliminate bribery and corruption in the industry.
In Uzbekistan, allocation of allowances and pensions for women and children, the disabled and the unemployed will be transferred from the makhalla committees and the Ministry of Social Protection and these moneys shall be paid not as charity, but as fair and unbiased assistance from the state and society. Thus, the social protection of the people of our country will radically improve.
First, lonely mothers will receive state support and help to find jobs in high-paid positions according to their professions. Taking into account the physical capacities of persons with disabilities, employment will be provided in better paid sectors.
The pension and material aid issues will be reviewed, and a number of reforms will be undertaken in order to improve the material capacity of our people.
Throughout our reforms in the country, as a result of the state’s just and wise policy and its honest work, the population will be completely relieved from poverty and misery.
When we come to power, our societal reforms will improve our people’s lives. Pensions will be being raised, people and families, who have faced poverty, misery, will be attracted to special short-term schools and their economical literacy will be raised. By the end of the course, they will be provided with preferential loans to create their own businesses. Assistance will be rendered in developing business plans, getting jobs, regular consultations will be provided. Different categories of disabled people will be provided with jobs. Social equality and stability will be established among the people of our country.
MAIN GOAL – THE STATE SYSTEM OF PRIVATE PROPERTY OWNERS IN UZBEKISTAN!t
We are prepared to justify your trust and be at your service!
Our country must enter the list of top ten developed countries in the world and not the last ten!
Our idea – to form a state system of private property in Uzbekistan!
Our goal – to raise the well-being of our people by formation of the private property system!
The most favorable system for Uzbekistan is a Democratic, Free and Civic Society based on Private property. We have called it a “Private property system”.
The system of private property is primarily a system of state governance based on justice and law.
The private property owner will have his / her own words and the opportunity to defend their rights.
The private property system is a free market-based economy. The state may interfere in the economy only within the law.
The private property system is a new social policy based on the religious and national values of the Uzbek people.
The private property system is a guarantee of the improvement of living standards of our people.
The private property system will man that all land plots in Uzbekistan will be fully privatized and distributed equally to citizens and the Land ownership rights to land will be given for lifetime, and the proprietor will have full rights to use it.
The private property system means allocation of half of the state budget for the system of education, and improvement of living standards of the staff of the education system, as well as growth of the new generation knowledge level.
It will ordinary people of the country who will receive most benefits from the Private Owenrship System beneficial owner of the property system is the people, while the most losing side will be the corrupt regime and corrupt officials who are in the government today. That is why the authorities have been applying various oppression and defamation campaigns against the the Private Property System, the Birdamlik (People’s Democratic Party) and its activists,. But one thing makes us happy – our compatriots are aware of the private property system, and the number of those who support it are increasingly growing. That is why we look forward to our future!
The Private property state system will reduce tax rates and customs fees.
State enterprises will be privatized.
Favorable conditions will be created for foreign investors and dual citizenship will be legalised.
New railways, roads will be built, new electricity, gas and drinking water networks will be constructed by the private property state system.
The medical system will be completely privatized.
The currency “So’m” will be cancelled and a new “Turon” currency is introduced to circulation.
The Birdamlik People’s Democratic Party Program was adopted on November 15, 2018, at the congress.
Looking forward to cooperation, faithfully and respectfully
Birdamlik People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan
Our idea is to build a solid CLASS OF OWNERS in Uzbekistan!
Our goal is to increase the well-being of our people as we are building the class of owners